Wednesday, July 14, 2010

Useful TEFL / TESOL Links for ESL Teachers

I completed an online TEFL course last winter to increase myself a contract renewal level.  I enrolled in the i-to-i online course because it was the one that my recruitment company recommended to all their recruits.

I enjoyed it, and learned a few good things.  I would recommend it for other people, but because it is an entirely online course with no in class instruction, few places outside of Korea will recognize it if I wish to teach elsewhere abroad.  A lot of these online TEFL's are meant to be cheap and fast and Korea has such a demand for teachers that they are not too selective at the moment with which certifications people obtain.

At the end of each section there was a list of "useful links."  I compiled all the links from the entire course and here they are.  It is an impressive list and I have barely scratched the surface looking at them all.

Click read more to see the list of links...

1. Student Motivation, Teacher Roles and TEFL Methods Resources

English as a global language

  • The world's top languages
    A list of the languages spoken the most worldwide and the countries where English is spoken as an official language.
The learner

  • Needs of students I
    General observations about needs analysis with some excellent links within the text.
  • Needs of students II
    A look at some alternative ways to analyse students’ needs in addition to the traditional questionnaire.
  • Classifications of learners and learner styles
    Don’t panic, you don’t have to remember them all! What matters is to recognize that learners are all different and should be treated as individuals. You can even come up with your own classification if you like!
The teacher

  • The roles of a teacher
    Essay by Sara Erickson, MA English, Northern Illinois University in which she reflects on the roles a teacher plays, based on her personal experience.
TEFL methods

2. Classroom Management and Student Levels Resources
The key areas of classroom management

  • Student and classroom management
    Classroom management, management of student conduct, effective praise guidelines, and a few things to know about ESOL thrown in for good measure.
How to give instructions

  • General guidelines
    Sue Swift, a teacher with 30 years of experience, shows how you can make sure that your instructions are as clear and comprehensible as possible.

How to use the board

Seating arrangement

How to manage student behaviour

  • From behavioural observation to conflict resolution
    The printables and articles here will help you manage classroom discipline. Read veteran teacher's tips and advice on establishing rules and incorporating effective behaviour techniques in your classroom. You'll find advice for handling disruptive behaviour and environmental interventions for minimizing its effect on other students.

  • Students responsibility and self-management
    How to make our students take responsibility for managing their own behaviour? Whose Classroom is it? Building Student Responsibility and Self Management in Our Classrooms (an article by Judith A Gray, Ph.D.) provides some answers.

Student levels

3. An Introduction to English Grammar Resources

English glossary of grammar terms
A comprehensive glossary of language terms. In addition to grammar terms per se, includes terminology related to language styles, pronunciation and vocabulary.

Grammar reference pages
A collection of reference pages with explanations, examples, charts, quizzes and other grammar-related resources.

English parts of speech
Exercises testing your knowledge of parts of speech: nouns, adjectives, verbs, etc. Note that determiners are not regarded as a separate part of speech here and are included with adjectives.

English Nouns
More about English nouns and noun types.

The English tense system
The main facts you need to know about the English tenses. (Note that future with ‘going to’ is not included on the tense list, however most grammarians agree that it is a tense and it is to be treated as such in this TEFL course.)

Verb tense tutorial
Click each tense name to open up a detailed explanation of the tense with timelines and examples. The collection of exercises comparing tenses is intended for learners of English but it would be helpful for you as a teacher to go through them and consider the challenges students face as they attempt to distinguish between different tenses.

English conditionals

Conditional forms explained and examples provided.

Active and passive voice
The two voices explained and a short quiz.

Irregular verbs
A complete list of irregular verbs in the English language.

4. How to Teach Grammar Resources

Evaluating students’ grammatical knowledge

Assessing grammar
This Powerpoint presentation highlights the key principles of evaluating students’ grammar proficiency and includes some excellent techniques and exercises.

Grammar assessment test
This comprehensive online Grammar Assessment consists of four forms of one hundred questions each. Get your students to complete the forms to check their level and identify problem areas. If you are a non-native speaker you can test your own grammar!

Ways of teaching grammatical structures

Teaching grammar: Study materials
Handouts, textbook recommendations, lesson plans, activities, learning strategies for teaching grammar to each level.

TEFL FAQs: Teaching Grammar
This question and answer session contains some excellent tips for presenting grammatical structures.

70 characteristics of a good grammar presentation

70 may sound a lot but most of them are just common sense! Use this as a checklist to make sure your grammar presentations are effective.

Dave’s ESL Café Idea cookbook
A great menu of activities for teaching grammar.

Checking understanding of grammatical structures

Is this a concept check question?
Why are concept questions a useful technique?

Ways of checking understanding
The meaning of concept check questions and how to construct them. You will find some examples of useful concept questions here.

Focus on tenses

Top 10 Teaching Tenses Do’s and Dont’s
A teacher gives some excellent advice.

Teaching ESL verb tenses to adults
How to teach the form and function of English tenses? For ideas on teaching a specific tense, click the corresponding link in the tense chart at the bottom of the page.

Tense revision cards
Print these cards out, cut them up and use them as you practise tenses with your students.

Teaching tenses forum
Teachers from around the world share their ideas on how to teach English tenses.

Timeline and timeline activities
What are timelines and how can they be exploited in the classroom?

5. How to Teach Vocabulary Resources

The characteristics of a word

What is vocabulary?
A definition of vocabulary and an overview of different types of vocabulary.

Teaching new words

Teaching vocabulary
The article by Linda Diamond and Linda Gutlohn explores some key strategies and techniques of teaching vocabulary including a section on ways of teaching idioms.

Vocabulary-based Video Lessons
All your English vocabulary building exercises in one place in the form of ESL videos.

English vocabulary reference sheets

These cover a wide range of vocabulary - from basic required vocabulary such as the top 1000 words to advanced vocabulary topics such as core business English vocabulary sheets. A helpful resource for your lessons.

Vocabulary teaching FAQs
How should teachers incorporate vocabulary teaching into their classes? Dr Rob Waring answers some commonly asked questions, such as which words to teach and whether it is important to teach words in context.

10 techniques for teaching new vocabulary
More about miming, drawing and other techniques of teaching new words.

Ideas for vocabulary lessons

Dave’s ESL Café vocabulary cookbook

A wide range of vocabulary activities contributed by teachers from around the world.

Classroom activities for teaching vocabulary
An additional resource for a great number of games and activities.

6. How to Teach Pronunciation Resources

The aims of teaching pronunciation and some key terms

Sounds of English
An essential resource to explore for someone who is going to teach English pronunciation, with features ranging from printable pronunciation cards and tips for lesson activities to links to websites with authentic listening material and pronunciation resources, such as an accents archive. (Note that not all links in the handouts section are related to pronunciation).

The online phonetic typewriter
You can use this free tool to type phonemic symbols to be inserted in a word processor. You can also use it to produce the code needed to insert phonemic symbols in a web page.

Phonemic chart with sound
Click on each phonetic symbol and hear it pronounced. Use this resource with your students to help them learn the sounds and symbols.

Pronunciation lesson plans
Some excellent ideas and resources for teaching pronunciation to learners of all levels, including tongue twisters, teaching stress and practising the phonetic script.

Teaching pronunciation: a handbook for teachers and trainers
A comprehensive guide to teaching pronunciation, written by a team of Australian teachers.

Ideas on teaching
Articles from experienced teachers and ELT professionals on a wide range of subjects related to teaching pronunciation.

Teaching phonemes (sounds)

10 tried and true steps to teaching vowels and consonants
Read the teacher’s advice and click the link at the bottom for a video illustration.

Teaching tips and definitions
Some ideas for teaching phonemes and definitions of key terms.

Songs for teaching sounds
Fun songs that teach the vowel sounds, plus links to other pronunciation-teaching songs.

Teaching stress

Adding "Stress" to your students' oral proficiency
An illustration of how changing the logical stress in a sentence can change its meaning and how to practise it with students in a role-play activity.

Intonation and stress - key to understanding and being understood
An explanation of why English is considered a stress-timed language and how to demonstrate it to your students. Plus, some helpful links on pronunciation under the article.

Teaching intonation

Teaching English intonation to EFL/ESL students
An article analysing various stress and intonation patterns with plenty of examples. Do not be confused by the author’s choice of basic intonation patters, which is not identical to the set of patterns in this course. Every researcher or teacher has their own view on which patterns are essential to teach, and different approaches are valid.

7. Mistake Correction and Feedback Resources

Classifying mistakes

What is a mistake?
The definitions of a mistake, an error and other related words.

Error analysis and EFL classroom teaching
In this article, the author analyzes the difference between errors and mistakes, the significance of errors/mistakes, their causes and correction.

Methods of correction

Teaching Tips
Why mistakes are good. How to make error correction painless and productive.

What, when and how to correct
The author examines theories behind effective use of correction in the classroom. The article includes extracts from Jeremy Harmer’s famous book A Practical Guide to English Language Teaching.

A well-balanced use of error correction
What are the possible signs that you are correcting too many students’ errors and what are the possible signs that you aren’t correcting enough student errors?

Suggestions for effective error correction and language improvement
When and how to correct: the author reflects on his experience of teaching one-to-one.

15 error correction games
Exciting student-centred activities that will help your students get rid of many errors.

Correcting written work
The second half of the article concentrates on how to correct student writing.

TEFL Q-A: Marking homework

Some helpful advice on how to correct written homework.

Correction slots: in principle and practice
How to keep an ongoing record of students' mistakes and use your notes to improve their language skills in delayed correction.

Assessment and feedback EFL

Teaching Advice: Grading
How should you grade assignments in a fair and equitable way?

Dynamic assessment as a teaching tool
Erica Garb, PhD, explores three kinds of assessment – summative, formative and dynamic. She focuses on dynamic assessment, which is a merger between testing and learning.

8. How to Teach Speaking and Writing Resources

Teaching writing

Teaching Writing: Study materials
Writing topics, links, textbooks, ideas and lesson plans for different levels of ESL/EFL learners.

Writing lesson plans for English learners at all levels
More writing lesson plans for you here.

Writing strategies and tasks
A brief look at two writing strategies - free writing and revised writing, how to correct writing, and types of writing tasks.

How to be an effective EFL writing teacher
This essay discusses how to motivate our students to do writing tasks and make them confident writers, what kinds of assignments to give them, and how to give instructions and feedback.

Teaching Speaking

Teaching Speaking: Study materials
Ideas, lesson plans, handouts, textbook recommendations, fun, and games for teaching English speaking and conversation in ESL/EFL classes. A vast resource!

Conversation lesson plans for English learners at all levels
If the previous site wasn’t enough, here’s another great selection of speaking lesson plans and activities for your attention.

Activities to promote speaking in a second language
An exhaustive list of speaking activity types and some helpful suggestions for teachers.

TEFL Q and A: Teaching Speaking Skills
Some helpful Q&A on how to motivate your students to speak in class including how to conduct a ranking activity.

Discussions and debatesl
Debate and discussion activities for your classes, plus vocabulary and language for discussions/debates.

Using role-plays in class
Reasons why role-plays are helpful and some advice for using and managing role-plays.

Ideas for role-plays

A wide range of role-play scenarios and drama games for the EFL/ESL class.

Using poems to develop productive skills
Most of the tried and tested activities used regularly by language teachers can be adapted easily to bring poetry into the classroom. This article focusses on speaking and writing activities based on poetry, as well as some pronunciation activities.

9. How to Teach Listening and Reading Resources
Listening and reading: receptive skills

TEFL Q & A: Teaching listening skills
TEFL Q & A: Teaching reading skills
Some important principles and helpful techniques you need to know to teach the receptive skills effectively.

Why don’t they understand?
Teaching Listening: Top Down or Bottom Up?
Two excellent articles by Sue Swift. Why do students find listening comprehension so difficult, even when the language is apparently within their grasp? What are the top-down and bottom-up approaches to teaching listening?

What Do We Test When We Test Reading Comprehension?
This short but informative essay describes the three levels of student comprehension of a text that teachers need to test – literal, interpretive and critical.

Planning a receptive skills lesson

How to plan a listening lesson
In this article Sue Swift gives advice for effective planning of a listening skills lesson.

Ideas for listening lessons

Teaching Listening: Study materials
An excellent resource with plenty of ideas, activities, recommendations and soundtracks for teaching listening to students of all levels.

English listening quizzes
Lots of listening tests and quizzes for your students with soundtracks.

Songs to help you teach
A fantastic collection of song handouts that you can use in your lessons – grouped by language point and topic. A variety of activities based on each song.

Dictation as a language learning device
This paper introduces dictation as a valuable language learning device and suggests ways for using it in an effective and interesting manner.

Ideas for reading lessons

Teaching Reading: Study materials
Strategies, exercises, ideas, quizzes and links for teaching reading to students of all levels.

Developing reading activities
How to select appropriate reading activities for your lessons.

A Fun Reading Quiz Game
A creative way to motivate students to read and sustain their interest in reading through a student-centred activity in the form or a quiz.

Tips, quizzes and worksheets for developing your students’ skimming and scanning skills. Play ‘Who killed Angela Spelling’, a scanning skills game.

10. Lesson Planning Resources

The importance of lesson planning

Lesson planning for the EFL and ESL classroom
Why are lesson plans necessary and what are the generally agreed components of a lesson plan? After reading this article, click each of the four links beginning with ‘Lesson Plan Format’ in the ‘Expanded Concepts’ section for more information.

Lesson plans: tips for new teachers
What are the benefits and limitations of lesson plans? A teacher shares her experience.

Lesson planning advice
A few more tips to consider that will help you to teach with confidence.

Lesson planning from the heart
Duncan Ford, Director of Teacher Training at OxfordTEFL in Barcelona, Spain, suggests an alternative (flexible) approach to lesson planning.

A course syllabus

Intermediate course syllabus
See an example of a course syllabus for the intermediate level.

Syllabus design and templates
This site contains tips on how to put together a general syllabus for EFL/ESL study. Examples are provided through a comprehensive collection of detailed syllabuses for books in Pearson/Longman's New Parade series. Here you will also find downloadable templates that can be used or adapted to cater to a variety of timeframes.

Principles of effective planning

The lesson plan builder
This free membership site provides a customer friendly template to develop lessons for adult educators, provides sample lessons as models, stores lessons for future use and allows sharing with a group or publicly. Signing up is quick and easy.

Top lesson plans
A variety of excellent lesson plans contributed by teachers from around the world.

ESL/EFL lesson plans
A searchable database of lesson plans for all levels of learner.

BBC news archives for teachers
Download lesson plans based on BBC news articles.

11. Games and Activities Resources

Why games can be helpful

Games in the ESL and EFL class
What are games? What are their advantages? How to decide which game to use and when? This article provides the answers.

Teaching children with games
Some guidelines for using games to teach young learners. The author gives reasons why grammar is best taught with games and tips for using grammar games in class successfully.

Examples of games

Free ESL games and quiz corner
An excellent resource for interactive games, ESL activities and games for the classroom, online quizzes and hundreds of printable quiz questions in graded sets. Excerpts from articles and books on using games in language learning plus links to many other ESL game and activity resources online.

Games and activities: A to Z
A great selection of game ideas for kids, arranged alphabetically.

100 games and activities
100 grammar and conversation games and activities written by professional TEFL writers and grouped by learner level.

Six games for the EFL/ESL classroom
A few popular games for developing a variety of language skills.

The best end-of-term revision games
Interesting ideas for revision games including some board games.

Online crossword puzzle maker
Design your own crossword puzzle. Type in topical vocabulary, and a revision activity for your students will be ready in seconds.

12. Cultural Awareness in the Classroom Resources

A theory of culture

What is culture?
A definition of culture and why culture is like an iceberg.

Geert Hofstede’s website
Detailed information about Hofstede’s research and five Cultural Dimensions with Hofstede scores for more than 50 countries.

How to avoid making cultural mistakes

Intercultural competence
A definition or intercultural (cross-cultural) competence and some typical examples of cultural differences.

15 important cultural differences in the classroom
A list of some major cultural differences that can come up in class.

A list of faux pas
A teacher tells about the faux pas he made while working in Japan.

Essential culture guide
This excellent site contains a wealth of cultural information on almost 50 countries. Intended for business travellers, this can also be an invaluable resource for EFL teachers going abroad. It will give you an insight into local behaviour, dress code, levels of formality, and other characteristics of a culture. With links to other useful websites for each country.

Language, culture, customs and etiquette

This is another vast resource with cultural information on about 90 countries. Together with the previous site, it should give you a comprehensive view of your cultures of interest.

Cross cultural quizzes

Test your knowledge of different cultures, customs and etiquettes with a few cross-cultural quizzes.

Understanding another culture

Practical techniques for teaching culture in the EFL classroom

Tips and techniques for teaching culture of English-speaking countries.

Role play in teaching culture
A step-by-step guide to making up a successful role play and preparing learners for intercultural communication.

13. Finding Work Resources
Applying for a teaching position
Resume and CV resources for job seekers
A collection of the best resume writing resources on the Web – for all types of job-seekers in all job-search situations.
Adapting your CV to apply for a TEFL job
No matter how excellent your original CV is, it may end up in the Director of Studies’ wastepaper basket if it is irrelevant to the TEFL job you are applying for. Find out how it can be rewritten to impress the DOS.
CV writing tips
Top 10 tips for writing a successful CV/resume.
Writing a TEFL cover letter
Some do’s and don’ts of writing a successful letter of application to accompany your CV.
A winning cover letter
How to organize your cover letter paragraph by paragraph.
TEFL interviews. What to expect
Some questions you are likely to be asked in your interview for a TEFL job, with suggested answers.
What are TEFL job interviews like?
Why TEFL interviews aren’t like interviews for any other type of job.
Job interview questions and answers
Many examples of questions asked by interviewers with suggestions for how to answer them in the best possible way. Click ‘Job interview tips’ at the top of the page for other job interview links.
Your questions to the interviewer
The ten most important questions to ask your future employer and the reasons why they are important.
TEFL career portal
The world’s most popular source of international English language teaching jobs. Post your resume online and view international jobs in real time. There are more than 15,000 registered employers, who post vacancies on a daily basis.
Teaching destinations
Teach English overseas: A stepping stone to international careers
Author of the bible on working abroad, The Big Guide to Living and Working Overseas Jean-Marc Hachey lists many of the major motivations for teaching English abroad.
What to expect, how to prepare
Myths and realities of teaching English abroad.
Bad English language schools can happen to good teachers
Why it is important to consider you teaching job offer carefully. Includes links to other related articles, school blacklists and ratings.
Teaching English in Western Europe
An overview of job prospects for teaching English in Western Europe, with links to articles on teaching in selected countries and cities.
Teaching English in Central and Eastern Europe
An overview of job prospects for teaching English in Central and Eastern Europe, with links to articles on teaching in selected countries and cities.
Teaching English in Asia
An overview of job prospects for teaching English in Asia, with links to articles on teaching in selected countries and cities.
Teaching English in Latin America
An overview of job prospects for teaching English in Latin America, with links to articles on teaching in selected countries and cities.

Teaching English in the Middle East and Eastern Mediterranean
An overview of job prospects for teaching English in the Middle East and Eastern Mediterranean. There are no links to specific countries from the webpage, but the existing links are as follows:

Teaching English in Africa
The practical information you need to get work in Africa.
BBC country profiles
Full profiles provide an instant guide to history, politics and economic background of all the world’s countries and territories, and background on key institutions. They also include audio and video clips from BBC archives.

***Teaching English One-to-One Resources

Adapting lessons to individual needs

The content and methodology of one-to-one teaching
How does the course content and methodology that you use in a one-to-one course differ from that of a group course? Should it differ at all? How to organise pairwork in one-to-one classes? Where can you get your materials?

Teaching one-to-one: teacher forum
Teachers from different countries who teach one-to-one tell about their experience and give advice.

Teaching private students
On benefits and legal aspects of teaching privately.

Learning styles
More about the learning styles and activities suitable for each type of learner.

Dealing with potential problems

One-to-one: Methodology
A set of tips on the methodology of one-to-one teaching. Advantages and disadvantages of one-to-one teaching for teachers and students and how to minimise the disadvantages. You will also find some activities for teaching one-to-one classes here.

What makes one-to-one classes different
More about the advantages and disadvantages of one-to-one classes and the approaches to take to overcome the disadvantages.

Teaching VIPs
The challenges of teaching VIPs privately and some solutions from an experienced teacher.

How much control to give one-to-one TEFL students?

A teacher explains why it was difficult to carry out her lesson plans with one of her private students and recommends what to do when a student wants the lesson to go his or her way.

Lesson activities

Private teaching
Ideas for one-to-one classes contributed by teachers from around the world.

One-to-one lessons
A set of lessons and lesson formats for teaching one-to-one classes.

Teaching children one-to-one
Tips and activities that will make your one-to-one classes with kids memorable and fun.

***Teaching English to Young Learners Resources

Some things to consider when teaching children

Children’s development
Three articles focusing on how 4-12 year-old children learn at different stages of their development and what kinds of classroom activities best address their cognitive, motor, language and social development.

The Questioning Approach to teaching kids

An overview of the Questioning Approach – a humanistic approach to teaching English to kids – and its comparison with other approaches.

Teaching a child one to one

How to plan a fun and rewarding one-to-one class with a young learner.

Teaching phonics to young learners

Strategies for teaching phonics
Some useful and fun activities for teaching phonics to kids.

How to teach sounds and reading
How to teach children phonics and their relation to alphabet letters. How to teach basic reading skills. Intended for teachers and parents of native-speaking children, many of the ideas here can also be adapted to your ESL/EFL classes.

Teaching language units to young learners

Beginning to teach vocabulary
Four articles on how to present and practise new vocabulary with young learners.

Teaching skills to young learners

Beginning to teach reading and writing
Four articles on how to introduce letters and words and what reading/writing games you can play with your young students.

Storytelling and drama
How to incorporate story-based lessons and drama activities into your lessons with young learners.

Discipline in the classroom

How to deal with discipline issues in an EFL classroom
Tips and techniques for for dealing with misbehaving children. Find three more links in the Expanded Concepts section for excellent advice, information, and help with discipline issues in the classroom.

No learning without fun, no fun without learning

An excellent website with free printable worksheets, video lessons, games and other resources for kids.

ESL lesson material for children
A wide variety of worksheets, flash cards, video materials, exercises, quizzes, games and ideas for teaching children.

Teaching kids: idea cookbook
Lots of games and activities contributed by teachers from around the world.

Games in children’s classes

More games for children plus a few articles on how to use games in class.

Using games in teaching young learners
How to choose a suitable game for a class of young learners, some teaching hints and suggestions, and a game idea.

***Teaching Large Classes Resources

Preparing to teach a large class

Teaching large classes: Idea thinktank
Advantages and challenges of teaching large classes, strategies for managing a large class and activities to use.

Tips for large classes
Lots of tips for meeting the challenges of teaching a large class and making the experience enjoyable and memorable for you and your students.

Staying in control of a large class

How to grab students’ attention and other tips for managing a large class of students.

Teaching large classes of small children
Advice for teaching English to large classes of small children in situations where classroom resources are limited, with several example lesson sequences.

The Teaching Large Classes project
The Teaching Large Classes project was funded by the Australian Universities Teaching Committee. Check out the Resources, Guidelines, Case Studies and Bulletin Board sections of this site for a variety of information, suggestions and links that may be useful to the large class coordinator or teacher. The site is not, however, designed for EFL teachers and contains theory and examples of teaching other subjects to large classes.

Learner levels

Classroom management: teaching mixed-ability classes

Advice and suggestions for teaching English to multilevel classes.

Collaboration and grouping students

A group forming activity for EFL/ESL students

This short information gap activity helps to increase discipline, energy and cohesion within a classroom before important group tasks. It is particularly helpful for large classes.

Group formation
Tips on group formation contributed by teachers from around the world.

Team English for large classes
The practical aspects of dividing students into groups or teams.

Teaching multi-level classes
How to determine students’ needs, choose strategies and select materials. Includes a few ideas for collaborative activities in a large multi-level class.

Student engagement and motivation

Ideas for large classes and different ways to approach content

Listen to an American teacher describe his experience of teaching large classes in China. How does he get his students to speak English?

Assessment and feedback

Assessing large classes

Methods and principles of assessment and providing feedback to large classes.

Examples of activities for a large class

Tips and suggestions for teaching large classes
Some tips and activities for classes of up to 150 students.

15 activities for large pre-school classes
How to adapt 15 most popular pre-school English games and activities in smaller classes so that they become the most popular activities in large kindergarten classes too.

Activities for large classes: teacher forum
Participants of this forum suggest activities for a large class which they have found useful in their teaching.

***Teaching with Limited Resources

The challenges and rewards of teaching with limited resources

The Station Approach
What the Station Approach is and how it can be used to compensate for inadequate resources, keep students motivated and eliminate behaviour problems.

Working with minimal resources – a teacher’s experience

Karen Waterston, a teacher trainer who has recently returned from Mongolia, tells about her experience of teaching in a limited-to-no-resources classroom and how she managed to compensate for the scarcity of resources.

Using realia

Realia – the objects we use
A definition of realia, the reasons to use it in class and a selection of activities involving realia.

Using creative thinking to find new uses for realia
Some creative ways to use simple everyday objects to teach language points and make your classes memorable and exciting.

Drawing upon experience and imagination

Conversation questions for the ESL/EFL classroom

Thousands of questions you can ask your students to find out their opinions on a variety of topics, generate discussion and draw on their life experience without using any additional resources. The topics are listed alphabetically.

Activities and lesson planning

Teaching with minimal resources
A treasure trove of games, activities and lesson sequences for teaching with minimal or no resources.

Teaching teenagers with limited resources
Lots of ideas for activities in the classroom that can be done with very limited classroom and school resources – particularly suitable for teenagers.

***Grammar Resources

English glossary of grammar terms
A comprehensive glossary of language terms. In addition to grammar terms per se, includes terminology related to language styles, pronunciation and vocabulary.

Grammar reference pages
A collection of reference pages with explanations, examples, charts, quizzes and other grammar-related resources.

English parts of speech
Exercises testing your knowledge of parts of speech: nouns, adjectives, verbs, etc. Note that determiners are not regarded as a separate part of speech here and are included with adjectives.

English Nouns
More about English nouns and noun types.

The English tense system
The main facts you need to know about the English tenses. (Note that future with ‘going to’ is not included on the tense list, however most grammarians agree that it is a tense and it is to be treated as such in this TEFL course.)

Verb tense tutorial
Click each tense name to open up a detailed explanation of the tense with timelines and examples. The collection of exercises comparing tenses is intended for learners of English but it would be helpful for you as a teacher to go through them and consider the challenges students face as they attempt to distinguish between different tenses.

English conditionals

Conditional forms explained and examples provided.

Active and passive voice
The two voices explained and a short quiz.

Irregular verbs
A complete list of irregular verbs in the English language.


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nancy john said...

Have your ESL students heard of all the holidays you celebrate? Mine haven't, so I am sure to teach them these holidays in an effort to build their common, cultural knowledge

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Mark Melia said...

This is great and really useful for all teachers. I manually saved all the best ones as I went through (doing the itoi), but now I've found this its handy to have them all in one place. And much easier!


nancy john said...

English teachers is very important to the students in order for them to have a fluent mind in using English language that would help them to have an effective communication to the foreigners.

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martha victor said...

Facilitating the accessibility of English knowledge to the world comes up By supporting IELTS

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sara said...

I love this idea to reinforce and practise using English. I am considering doing volunteer work in my community by teaching ESL and hadn't even slightly thought of using games.

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aliya seen said...

This coursework help online students to get courses without wasting time. It is also very easy to do.

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